Thursday, August 27, 2020

The High Renaissance & Mannerism in Italy and the High Renaissance in Essay

The High Renaissance and Mannerism in Italy and the High Renaissance in the North - Essay Example This contrasted from the complex and imaginative goals of the high renaissance, which concentrated on the investigation of the amicable standards. Mannerists painted figures by utilizing wound or reshaped presents and foreshortening. They utilized this strategy to accomplish a hallucination of structure anticipating into space. This is clear in Michelangelo and Raphael’s frescoes in the Sistine Chapel. The artistic creations in the house of prayer seem extended. The figures have extended necks and middles, which make ridiculous dreams of room (Murray, 2007). Furthermore, the canvases in the roof of the house of prayer show sharp bounces from the forefront to the foundation rather than the standard continuous progress. For this situation, Raphael and Michelangelo tried different things with conventional subjects from folklore or the Bible so as to strengthen enthusiastic reactions from the crowd. This was additionally utilized so as to add to the visual or scholarly references. Peculiarity varies from high renaissance as far as approach, substance and structure. High renaissance was the zenith of visual expressions. This was a time of exceptional creative creation. The most mainstream work of art of this period is the Last Supper by Leonardo. Fine art of the high renaissance accentuated on old style convention and the extension of the system of support. During this period, there was a continuous lessening of considers along with a creative style, which was later known as quirk (Murray, 2007). In spite of the fact that the frescos of Michelangelo and Raphael were created during the time of characteristic, their principles are considered as a summit of the high renaissance style. These artistic creations are seen as high renaissance as a result of their aspiring scale, intricacy of sythesis, utilization of pointed iconographic and firmly watched human figures. The canvases of Raphael and Michelangelo on the roof of the Sistine Chapel have contrasts and likenesses to the work of art of the high renaissance. The

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How might Pallasmaa's insights about the nature of our interactions Essay

In what manner may Pallasmaa's bits of knowledge about the idea of our cooperations with place help us to conceptualize the mind boggling biological systems d - Essay Example In any case, late investigations have demonstrated that the act of building up national parks and other secured zones intended to monitor untamed life have not so much been useful. The explanation for this is simply the structure of the exertion contemplates the interests of people more than that of the creatures, the alleged recipients. Caroline Fraser’s article Rewilding North America gives a nitty gritty conversation on the issue. It significantly portrays the deficiencies of the national park and ensured region frameworks that exist in the United States in Canada. It additionally characterizes the difficulties that face preservationists and the legislatures of the two nations as they attempt to look for the best methods of securing the rest of the natural life species in North America. Juhani Pallasmaa’s Architecture of the Senses, then again, might be managing how planners will in general negligence the fundamental human faculties as they attempt to make foundation for the utilization of individuals. Be that as it may, in getting the essential standards from the design hypotheses called attention to in his book, unmistakably Fraser’s key concerns can be tended to by Pallasmaa’s bits of knowledge. ... At the point when the valuation for an issue is uneven or when it doesn't consider different edges that might be similarly as significant as that which have been dealt with, it is just expected that the arrangements planned are those that will undoubtedly fall flat. In his conversation, Pallasmaa brings up that design sets restricts concerning what space man can solely utilize. He clarifies that â€Å"as a result of (the) relationship of existence, the arguments of outer and interior space, physical and profound, material and mental, oblivious and cognizant needs concerning the faculties just as their relative jobs and collaborations, essentially affect the idea of expressions of the human experience and architecture.† (Pallasmaa 284) This announcement plainly depicts that the way toward making a decent building plan is just conceivable if the draftsman really meets up with all the data assembled by utilizing the five detects. In the event that he utilizes just one of the facu lties, he makes certain to ignore the association of things. It is the issue of association that has additionally been overlooked when various researcher couldn't see the significance of associated biological systems with the end goal for untamed life to thrive under the most ordinary characteristic conditions. Fraser brings up that â€Å"many scholars rushed to concur that with regards to saving biological systems, enormous is superior to little, associated is superior to secluded, and entire is superior to divided... some were safe, contending against a hurry to judgment, proposing that ensured territories in the genuine universes may demonstrate immeasurably progressively mind boggling, each with remarkable attributes that may influence the outcome.† (115) In this announcement, Fraser was alluding

Friday, August 21, 2020

Blog Archive Monday Morning Essay Tip Use Only One Famous Quote per Application

Blog Archive Monday Morning Essay Tip Use Only One Famous Quote per Application Sometimes, incorporating a famous quote (or perhaps a lesser-known quote by a well-known person) into one of your application essays can add a little something special to the story you are trying to tell. If the quotation truly enhances your message in a significant way, it can serve as an effective tool, making your submission that much more compelling. Consider the following examples: Example 1: “The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and self-restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it.” â€" Theodore Roosevelt Roosevelt’s words are as true today as when he spoke them. The essence of a manager is… Example 2: As Peter F. Drucker said, “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.” I have found the distinction between management and leadership especially important… However, some candidates may be tempted to use a quotation as a kind of crutch, essentially relying on someone else’s clever or poignant wordsmanship to take the place of their own. Think of this option as a way of enriching an already interesting narrative, rather than as an easy shortcut to a more impressive essay. Before using a quotation in your writing, ask yourself these three questions: • Does the quotation fit the essay’s main theme? • Does the quotation reflect who you are or what you believe? • Does the quotation truly enhance the essay? If you can answer “yes” to all three questions, making the quotation a part of your essay might be a good idea. But first make sure that your story is sufficiently strong to stand on its own, even without the quote, and limit yourself to just one quotation per application (not per essay). Share ThisTweet Monday Morning Essay Tips

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By William Twain

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn show much growth in Huck’s state of mind and, consequently, conveys themes of human equality that were scarce in Twain’s time of the 1800’s. These ideas of racial equality and social criticism were heavily enforced in the novel via Huck’s growth as a person. These changes really get put into stone when Huck decides to refuse to turn in Jim by destroying the letter to Ms.Watson. Throughout Twain’s novel, Huck undergoes a drastic amount of maturing, but this moment is a significant turning point in Huck’s moral understanding of his world as he doubts the way he has been shown the world. When he decides to tear up the letter to turn Jim in, who is a slave, he experiences an internal conflict until he†¦show more content†¦In fact, he thought this man saving and reclaiming his family was wrong, but as he spent more time with Jim on the raft and bonds, he believes that Jim isn’t just a â€Å"nigge r,† but a friend and human on a noble deed. Because of this friendship he has had with this black man, he risks eternal damnation to save him so that he can get back his family that belongs to a slave owner. It’s here that Huck’s old ideals that he was taught by the Widow and Pap begin to develop and morph into his own way of interpretation of the structure of man. During his crisis, one part of him thought that he should turn him in because he is stolen property, but there was a part of him that also said Jim has done nothing wrong and doesn’t deserve the cruelty awaiting him. He acknowledges that what he has been told is wrong and decides to act upon his own judgment, which is then expanded upon in throughout the novel after this moment. This one seemingly small action, actually plays a grand role in the novel’s plot and overall message. The act of tearing up the note is one of the most important pushes towards Huck’s own interpret ation of the world around him. Here, he begins questioning what really is the right or wrong of the situation and chooses the â€Å"wrong† action, deemed by society, because The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By William Twain Often, the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is regarded with much controversy by parents in America. Aside from the heavy use of the â€Å"n-word† in the book, it touches on some rather controversial themes, such as social equality, slavery and many other things. However these themes should not be frowned upon, but rather, they should be analyzed and interpreted for what they truly are; satire against racism in the South. Over the course of the book, the main character, Huckleberry Finn, embarks on an adventure with a runaway slave named Jim down the Mississippi River on a raft. Through the course of their journey, both undergo great changes, especially Huck, who is torn between what he has been taught and what he is constantly†¦show more content†¦This struggle is shown in the quote, â€Å"That was where it pinched. Conscience says to me, â€Å"What had poor Miss Watson done to you that you could see her nigger go off right under your eyes and never say one single word? What did that poor old woman do to you that you could treat her so mean? Why, she tried to learn you your book, she tried to learn you your manners, she tried to be good to you every way she knowed how. That’s what she done† (Twain 87). Huck’s upbringing in the extremely racist south and his newfound friendship with Jim cause him to clash with himself on his beliefs towards slavery and equality. Another example of Huck struggling with choosing between conformist behavior and individualistic behavior is when he is living with the Widow Douglass, and he often has trouble grasping the â€Å"proper† lifestyle she attempts to impress upon him. The Widow Douglass envisions Huck being a behaved, intelligent, and proper southern gentleman. However, Huck develops his own personal opinions that somewhat refute the widow’s stance on religion and behavior. This is all part of Huck’s inability to identify with neither conformism nor individualism. Often in a novel, that which is good and bad is clear to both the audience and the narrator. However, in this particular story, the narrator encounters difficulty in distinguishing what is moral from what is immoral. Similar to his issues with

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How Social Networking Affects Our Community - 1515 Words

Social networking is a fairly new phenomenon over the last two decades. As with any upcoming technology, the academic community has in turn tried to understand how it will affect our lives as a society. On a more relevant scale, how this kind of progress affects our immediate community. This paper will attempt to argue that since community is an ever evolving concept, social networking today acts as an extension of it in terms of communication and facilitation of ideas, rather than an independent social structure that is neither detrimental nor additive to our current constructs of community. In order to be able to further discuss its repercussions we need to convincingly understand what constitutes a community. Among social scientists across various fields it is believable to say that there is no unwavering definition of what a community is consisted of. There is no ‘all-round’ definition of what a community is. Having said that, the most observable instance of a commun ity through a biological lens. Here, a community as a group of biologically similar organisms that live in the same immediate vicinity of each other. On the other hand the sociological definition is far more abstract. Early classical sociologists like Emile Durkenheim looked at ‘community’ as a static structure. However, since then the concept has evolved to emphasize that community was less defined by its static location but rather as a social process outlined by interpersonal relationships. This wasShow MoreRelatedHow Social Networking Affects The Students And The Environment985 Words   |  4 Pagescan address to someone with one click through social networking sites. We send wishes, information and condolences all through text and messages as before we used to go in person to send these thoughts. The basic social networking websites being accessed at school concludes to be a risk factor that affects the students and the environment around them. Social networking is frequently turning into a swap for building and setting up associations in our society today and on a very basic level it’s leadingRead MoreThe Impact Of Internet On The Internet1681 Words   |  7 Pagespeople busy with their social networking sites than the others. Social networks are an essential part of today’s Internet and used by more than a billion people worldwide. A social networking website is an online platform that allow people to share ideas and interact with other people, from childhood friends to unknowns. This interaction reveals much information, often including personal information noticeable to anyone who wants to view it. There are a bunch of social networking sites in the world.Read MoreHow Social Media Affects Tangible Relationships Social Interaction1698 Words   |  7 Pageschange in how my generation communicates with one another in comparison to older generations. Recent technological innovations, such as social media networking sites has been said to alter the way in which we communicate and the interaction we obtain face-to-face. According to Charles Blow, author of Friends, Neighbors, and Facebook, â€Å"Social networks are rewiring our relationships and our keyboard communities are affecting the attachments in our actual ones† (1).However, research shows that social mediaRead MoreEssay about Modern Communication: Social Networks 984 Words   |  4 PagesWhile with the constant use of these social technologies, less people are communicating in person, this type of technology might be doing more harm than good because with the rise of websites such as Facebook, social networking may be on the verge of replacing traditional personal interactions for the next generation. Social networks were created for the sole purpose of helping individuals communicate. There are many other reasons that these technologies are used, but communication is still the numberRead MoreSocial Networking Is Beneficial For Students A nd Grown Ups1182 Words   |  5 Pagesto do with social networking. Social network is highly important because it is used on a daily basis in our surroundings. Technology has progressed throughout the years, and has created many opportunities for students, businesses, and adults to succeed. Almost everyone in the world has access to the Internet or soon will have access to the Internet. This topic is important because many have the image/ belief that social networking is bad, and have debated on what is considered a social network.Read MoreEffects Of Online Social Networking On Society966 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout the years, our society has experienced dramatic change due to technological advances. Technology has become a vital part of our everyday lives that has greatly influenced the way we interact with each other and our environment. Through the development of social networking, it has easily kept us updated on what is going on around the world and in other peopleâ₠¬â„¢s lives. Instead of face-to-face communication, the younger generation perceives social media to be a place to share emotional connectionsRead MoreThe Social Media Culture Is Defined As The Beliefs, Customs, Practices, And Social Behavior1506 Words   |  7 Pages THE SOCIAL MEDIA CULTURE SOC101 Regina R. Davis February 10, 2016 Culture is defined as the beliefs, customs, practices, and social behavior of a particular nation or people. Our cultures are made up of the communities we grow up in, the people within that community, and the ethnicity of the people in our communities. A community is defined as social unit of any size that shares common values. Communities range in size and scope from neighborhoods to national communities to internationalRead MoreSocial Networking in Indonesia1154 Words   |  5 Pagesconsider social networking to be unhelpful to culture and, to an extent, the bane of its existence. This may be due to the commonly-considered conception of digitalWith the usage of social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter seeing an escalation in the last decade, the idea that human contact between individuals is diminishing may not be as farfetched as once was. Indeed, before the rise in social networking, telephones and human rendezvous saw more prominence in their practise, but how woul dRead MoreSocial Media: Changing Our Society Essay830 Words   |  4 PagesSocial Media: Changing Our Society Electricity was first introduced to society hundreds of years ago; the way people communicate began to change in many different ways since then. New inventions helped people build more sophisticate tools to build better places to live and work. This new inventions changed the way we live now days; they make our lives much easier. In the decade of the 1920s when radio was first introduced to public, people begin buying it and using it more and more, as years passedRead MoreThe Birth of Social Media Essay888 Words   |  4 Pages Social media: (noun pl but singular or pl in constr) forms of electronic communication (as Web sites for social networking and microblogging) through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content. Social media has developed to allow for information to be shared instantaneously: image and video sharing, spontaneous group get-togethers, and worldwide, real time news announcements are sent through time and space with the click of a button

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Freedom of the Press by George Orwell - 3887 Words

George Orwell – The Freedom of the Press (alternate preface) This book was first thought of, so far as the central idea goes, in 1937, but was not written down until about the end of 1943. By the time when it came to be written it was obvious that there would be great difficulty in getting it published (in spite of the present book shortage which ensures that anything describable as a book will sell ), and in the event it was refused by four publishers. Only one of these had any ideological motive. Two had been publishing anti-Russian books for years, and the other had no noticeable political colour. One publisher actually started by accepting the book, but after making the preliminary arrangements he decided to consult the Ministry†¦show more content†¦It is not exactly forbidden to say this, that or the other, but it is not done to say it, just as in mid-Victorian times it was not done to mention trousers in the presence of a lady. Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with surprising effectivene ss. A genuinely unfashionable opinion is almost never given a fair hearing, either in the popular press or in the highbrow periodicals. At this moment what is demanded by the prevailing orthodoxy is an uncritical admiration of Soviet Russia. Every-one knows this, nearly everyone acts on it. Any serious criticism of the Soviet rà ©gime, any disclosure of facts which the Soviet government would prefer to keep hidden, is next door to unprintable. And this nation-wide conspiracy to flatter our ally takes place, curiously enough, against a background of genuine intellectual tolerance. For though you are not allowed to criticize the Soviet government, at least you are reasonably free to criticize our own. Hardly anyone will print an attack on Stalin, but it is quite safe to attack Churchill, at any rate in books and periodicals. And throughout five years of war, during two or three of which we were fighting for national survival, countless books, pamphlets and articles advocating a compromise peace have been published without interference. More, they have been published without exciting much disapproval. So long as the pr estige of the USSR is not involved,Show MoreRelatedEssay on Watchful Government in George Orwells 1984914 Words   |  4 PagesGovernment in George Orwells 1984 No one likes being overly supervised and watched. Whether it is a teenager with protective parents or an adult in the workplace with an ever-watching boss the feeling of continuously being watched is unnerving. Throughout history the levels of government supervision have fluctuated from lows to extremes but sometimes the future seems to hold even more watchful governments. These were the feelings when George Orwell wrote the novel 1984. George Orwell showed a worldRead MoreTotalitarianism In George Orwells 19841028 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferent opinions nor freedom with a centralized government, therefore totalitarianism and dystopian societies are similar. In 1984, written by George Orwell, Big Brother is a dictator who gives the Oceanian population no personal freedoms and strictly dominates all of the country for their own selfish ways. Unlike Oceania, the United States governs their country with a different approach. In present day America, the amendments of the Constitution gi ves society certain freedoms and grants them theRead MoreFreedom vs Security - George Orwell, 19842554 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Freedom vs. Security: 1984, a Mirror of Today’s Governments and their Methods of Mass Control Tanks to technology and, mostly, its applications in the field of communication, governments and business corporations from all around the world have now more power than ever to track and influence what we buy, what we listen to, what we read, what we watch and, ultimately, what we believe. Recent terrorist threats and armed conflicts that have taken place around the globe have prompted a general feelingRead MoreBig Brother Is Watching You1106 Words   |  5 PagesBig Brother is watching you†. This phrase is a symbol of the enforced conformity and control that takes place in Oceania. With that, George Orwell uses 1984 to teach readers about the dangers that come from such a Totalitarian government such as pervasive government surveillance, loss of freedom of press, and exploitation of fear to control people. Through 1984, Orwell shows us that constant government surveillance can hinder people’s lives. With a telescreen put in every home, the people of OceaniaRead MoreAnalysis Of Annabel s Annabel 1696 Words   |  7 PagesNovel Research Winter, Kathleen. (2010). Annabel. House of Anasi press Review Number 1: D’erasmo, Stacey. (2011). Announcing Her Existence. Retrieved October 24, 2017, from Kathleen Winter’s, Annabel, takes place in 1968 in Croydon Harbor, Labrador, Canada. The plot starts off with a baby being born as an intersex and centers around the baby’s identity. It is decided at the baby’s birth that his birth gender will be kept a secretRead MoreThe Linguistic Revolution:The Relation Between Class, Language, and Ideology In 1984968 Words   |  4 Pages While almost all novels contain some sort of political allusion or connotation, few novels are as directly political as George Orwells 1984. From beginning to end, the novel is an epic and shocking piece, a strong precautionary tale against the ills of extreme totalitarianism. In it, Orwell paints a dismal future, one where individualism ceases and citizens are held in rigid class structures by the government with the threat of physical harm and, more importantly, through powerful mental conditioningRead MoreThe Themes Of 1984 And George Orwells 19841237 Words   |  5 Pages In many ways , George Orwell used real problems in the world to write his novels. Orwell lived through many events that inspired some of the main topics in his book, 1984. In 1984, George Orwell illustrates what a totalitarian society would be like. At the time that he wrote this book, many citizens of England were afraid of their government having too much power over them. Orwell wrote 1984 to warn the public of what a powerful government can lead to. Even currently, 1984 can be related to differentRead MoreThe Real-Life Counterparts of 1984s Oceania Essay1616 Words   |  7 Pages Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin are household names, but what about the more obscure individuals Muammar Qaddafi, Xi Jinping, and Kim Jong-un? George Orwell used 1984 as a prediction of what could happen if the fascism in Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia persisted. The dystopian, fascist government that exists in 1984 resembles the governments in the real-life, modern-day countries of Libya, China, and North Korea. The government in Orwell’s Oceania is fascist, causing citizens like Winston andRead MoreTechnology In 1984 Essay1427 Words   |  6 Pageseveryday struggle to survive in a totalitarian government. In the novel, George Orwell describes the atmosphere of London, England using 3rd person limited. One of the ways he vividly describes the atmosphere of the current time is through the use of technology. The government managed to manipulate London’s population through technologies such as, telescreens, cameras, microphones, and the â€Å"thought police†. When writing the book, George Orwell’s perspective on technology was way beyond his decade. He envisionedRead More A Comparison of George Orwells Totalitarian World of 1984 and America in 2004763 Words   |  4 Pagessystems. The argument often follows the lines of This is socialism, and as you can see, it doesnt work and just leads to oppression. Were in a nice capitalist democracy, therefore we are better o ff. But is that conclusion the truth? Orwell didnt just intend 1984 as an attack on communism or socialism; instead it is both an attack and a rather prophetic warning against any authoritarian structure, including the authoritarian structure of capitalist democracies. Often we do not equate

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Climate Change and Human Health for Present- myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theClimate Change and Human Health for Present. Answer: McMichael T, Montgomery H, Costello A. Health risks, present and future, from global climate change. BMJ. 2012 Mar 19;344:e1359.1 In the above stated journal, Tony Mc Michael, who is a professor of population health (National Health and medical research Council) and his colleagues have tried to outline the climatic risks that that climate change is posing on the life of humans, now and also in the near future. It is very obvious that the human actions are bringing about changes in the climate. The scope of this article is to provide the ill effects of global warming on human health. According to the author the global temperature should not exceed 2C . As per the international energy authority; the door to the 2 degree is closing. Therefore the emission has to be hugely curtailed. According to the author the climatic change would bring about unpredictable weather and would hamper the stability of the climate. The immediate and the direct risks that can occur are extreme weather events, alteration in the air quality such as the increase in the concentration of the ozone in the ground level. For example it has been reported that climate change had already doubled the chance that a heat wave as dangerous as the European heat wave of 2003 is likely to occur again. In has been reported that the intergovernmental panel on climatic change had prepared special report on management of the risks of the extreme climatic conditions and disasters and have confirmed that the frequency of the heat wave is likely to increase in different regions. It has also been estimated that the heavy precipitation will occur often, the speed of the wind of the tropical cyclone will increase in the tropical regions. As per the author indirect risks can occur like affecting the ecological and the biophysical systems, the growth rate of the bacteria. Critics have also supported some contradictory facts like the climatic change would bring health benefits to some people like it would bring about milder winters, which might reduce the death rates in out of influenza or the cardiovascular disease in the countries with temperate climate. They have indicated that mosquito population might reduce if the region becomes more arid. Moreover it can be said that, the impacts of the climatic changes on health is anticipated to be increasingly negative. Thus urgent action at the national and the international level is required to reduce the emission of the green house gases and adaptive techniques are to be taken to deal with the health effects which cannot be avoided. Bellard C, Bertelsmeier C, Leadley P, Thuiller W, Courchamp F. Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity. Ecology letters. 2012 Apr 1;15(4):365-77.2 In this review the author has tried to investigate the possible effects of the climatic change that can function at individual, population, community, species, ecosystem and the biome level. The report notably shows that species can adapt to the climatic challenges by altering their climatic niche. The following review has highlighted the challenges in the future research regarding the alteration in the biodiversity. The review shows that the recent estimates of the researches are variable, which depend on the taxonomic group, methods, biodiversity loss metrics and the time period. Predictions can lead the scientists to support the adoption of the proactive strategies in order to save the biodiversity. Although, there is a very limited proof of the current extinction of biodiversity caused by the climatic change, it has been estimated that in the next few decades the climatic change might cause severe destruction of the habitat. According to this article that climatic change might bring about phenotypical change in the flowering plants and the pollinating agents, which can cause mismatches between the pollinators and the plant population, which can cause extinction in the plant. A recent analysis shows that a large portion of the Amazon rain forest would be replaced by the savannah grassland. Such changes would obviously bring changes in the flora and the fauna of the particular place. This article clearly defines some of the changes that can take place in the near future and thus helps to make the probable strategies. It also provides with the criteria that IUCN has developed to assess the risk of extinction in their Red List. Experiments and observational data have been employed in order to generate relationships between importance of the global drivers and alteration in the species loss. The limitation of theses predictive tools is that each of the modeling approaches has spatial, methodological and temporal limitations that restrain the predictive power. Cheng JJ, Berry P. Health co-benefits and risks of public health adaptation strategies to climate change: a review of current literature. International journal of public health. 2013 Apr 1;58(2):305-11.3 In this review the author had mentioned about the different public health strategies that have been found to respond to the climatic changes. This review is on the current literature regarding the health benefits and the associated risks in order to get a better knowledge about the how they can affect the health. This journal provides with the information that a literature review has been conducted electronically. Many literatures have been reviewed, that address the health benefits and the risks of climatic change. According to the author, climatic change poses a serious threat to the public health. Different human activities, like burning of the fossil fuel are thought to be the key factor responsible for the climatic changes. The review has identified a range of heath conditions like the increased rate of cardiopulmonary disease, allergies, infections and mental illness. It has been reported that temperature changes, extreme weather and changes in precipitation, air pollution can bring about critical conditions in the public health. In the following journal the author critically reviews about the different adaptation strategies that have been taken up to combat with the extreme weather changes, air pollution. The different strategies that have been taken up, like increasing the shielding, to establish the hot weather response plans, check on the peers and the neighbors during the heat waves. Maintenance and improvement of the disaster management program provide information to the public regar ding the actions to reduce air pollution. The article has also discussed about the general transferrable public health measures that would help to address the impact of the climatic change. The author has emphasized on the scopes of the future researches, which would focus on the long and the short term, positive and the negative results of the adaptation. Baker-Austin C, Campos CJ, Turner A, Higman W, Lees D. Impacts of climate change on human health. MCCIP Sci. Rev. 2013;2013:257-62.4 The above journal is based on how climatic changes can affect the marine life which can bring about detrimental effects in human health. This report focuses on the fact that pathogenic vibrios are being isolated routinely from the UK shell fishes and the water bodies that are affecting the life of the humans. Future health risks associated with the marine environment are difficult to predict, as they are dependent upon several complex factors and are mainly based on incomplete date sets. For example the transmissions of many diseases that are caused mainly due to the changes in the climate depend largely on the demographic and the ecological conditions and to extent on the human immunity. According to the article, the temperature of the marine climate is changing as a result; the microbial population of the water is also altering. For example, in UK, an increase in the harmful algal population has been noticed, which may be due to the rise in the water temperature. Ingestion of the algal toxin can prove lethal to the human health. Climatic warming had led to the development of Protoceratium reticulatum in the UK waters, which is a producer of YTX toxin. Pandemic strains of pathogenic vibrios have also been found to be isolated from the waters that are linked to the global temperature rise of the water. The article says that the sea surface temperature has brought about phenotypic shifts among the diatoms to dinoflagellates, which indicates a large shift in the composition of the marine community. The article has been critically analyzed and can be said that joined-up datasets about the clinical cases associated with marine world is lacking. Furthermore the recent climate model is made on a spatial-temporal scale that is too uncouth to determine its impact on the marine environment. Greater researches are required to gain knowledge about the specific pathogenic strains and the toxins. McMichael AJ. Globalization, climate change, and human health. New England Journal of Medicine. 2013 Apr 4;368(14):1335-43.5 The following journal aims to describe the global climate change and its effect on human health. The article had emphasized that global climate change is a part of the anthropocene syndrome of global environment change which is human induced, which includes ocean acidification, land degradation, ozone depletion. The green house gases emitted from the factories and the burning oil fossil fuels has brought about global warming. It has been reported that most of the global warming is due to the human activities. The global emission of the carbon dioxide has increased over the years, which have brought about rise in the sea levels, melting of the arctic sea and extreme weather conditions. The article had also given an estimation that the average global temperature will rise by 1 to 2C by 2050 and 3 to 4C by 2100. An average rise in the temperature of about 4C would bring consequences that the world had not experienced in millions of years. The article proposed that the rainfall pattern w ould change. Droughts will be common. The article has provided with a three way classification in order to determine the risks on public health. The article has discussed about the extreme climate due to the climatic phenomena like the El Nino. The influence of the climate on the environmental and the social systems that would a affect the water supply, the food yield and the disease pattern. The temperate countries might become hotter, which can increase the health related deaths. The article also discuses about the health risks and the climate change mitigation and the adaptations that can be opted to reduce the risks. Furthermore it can be concluded that conceptual insights are required beyond the conventional understanding of the cause and the prevention of the health risks. References McMichael T, Montgomery H, Costello A. Health risks, present and future, from global climate change. BMJ. 2012 Mar 19;344:e1359. Bellard C, Bertelsmeier C, Leadley P, Thuiller W, Courchamp F. Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity. Ecology letters. 2012 Apr 1;15(4):365-77. Cheng JJ, Berry P. Health co-benefits and risks of public health adaptation strategies to climate change: a review of current literature. International journal of public health. 2013 Apr 1;58(2):305-11. Baker-Austin C, Campos CJ, Turner A, Higman W, Lees D. Impacts of climate change on human health. MCCIP Sci. Rev. 2013;2013:257-62. McMichael AJ. Globalization, climate change, and human health. New England Journal of Medicine. 2013 Apr 4;368(14):1335-43.